Boolean queries allow you to define precisely what you are looking for in a search. The most used search operators are AND, OR, and NOT but they are not the only ones available to you.

Below is a complete list of all the search operators you can use when building queries.

We've organized each Boolean operator into categories. Click on a category to jump to its section.

If you are looking for specific boolean use cases, check out our article on Boolean Use Cases.


Build a Boolean Search in Explore:

  1. Start in the Explore tab

  2. Select 'Create' within the Advanced search tile

3. Write your Boolean search query in the empty advanced search box

4. Click "Update Results" to review your content

5. Click "save" in the top left-hand corner to revisit your search later


Boolean Searches

Basic Boolean should be used when you need to search for more than just a single keyword. Always make sure you close out the phrase with quotation marks.

Example: "sailboat" AND "racing"

If you need to group together multiple phrases in a more advanced search, use parentheses.

Example: ("sailboat" or "boat") AND "racing"

The example above will pull documents with either the keyword "sailboat" or "boat" and "racing."


Common Operators

Search

Action

Example

Result

AND

Narrows your search by retrieving mentions where all search terms are present.

atlantic AND “sailboat racing”

Any document where “Atlantic” and “sailboat racing” are both included.

OR

Expands your search to retrieve mentions containing at least one search term.

sailing OR sailboat

Either the term before or the term after “OR” must appear in the document.

NOT

Excludes mentions containing an unwanted term.

sailboat NOT race

Any document where “race” does not pull in as a result.

AND/OR

Use this when you need a keyword to pull results alongside one or more other keywords.

sailboat AND (racing OR race)

Any document where “sailboat” and either “racing” or “race” are present.

ASTERISK

Use this when you are looking for one or more different keywords in a document.

sail*

Matches documents that have the keywords sail, sailing, sailboat, etc.

SENTIMENT

Matches documents with provided sentiment. Supported values: positive, neutral, negative, and not rated.

sentiment:"positive"

Any document that has been assigned positive sentiment.

COUNTRY

Matches documents created in the specified country. Must use the 2 or 3-letter codes to specify the country.

country:"us"

Any document that was created by a source in the US.

LANGUAGE

Matches documents that have a specified language. Must use the 2 or 3-letter code to specify language, with the exception of Chinese (“zh-hans” or “zh-hant”). Must use lowercase.

language:"es"

Any document that was created in Spanish.

SOURCE LANGUAGE

Matches documents that have a specified source language (language declared by the content source

itself). Must use the 2 or 3-letter code to specify language, with the exception of Chinese (“zh-Hans” or “zh-Hant”). Must use lowercase.

sourceLanguage: "es"

Any document from

sources that produce

Spanish content.

TITLE

Matches documents that have the specified word/phrase in the title.

title:"Sailing the World"

Any document that has “Sailing the World” in its title.

COLON

The colon is a character used in Boolean expressions. We see it used many times in this library. If you wish to use a colon in your keywords then you must use it in quotations so that the system doesn't think it's a Boolean expression, e.g. stock symbols.

"Euronext:ROTH"

Any document that contains "Euronext:ROTH".

CONTENT

Matches documents that have the specified word/phrase in the body.

content:" George Mendonsa"

Any document that has “George Mendonsa” in the body.


Source Operators

Search

Action

Example

Result

SITE

Matches all documents from a specified site.

Matches all documents from a site and its affiliated subdomain sites.

Note: Do NOT include https:// or http:// in the link

site:"www.bbc.com"

site:".bbc."

Returns all articles from BBC.com with no subdomains

Returns all content from the BBC website, including subdomains. e.g.. https://www.bbc.com/, https://www.bbc.co.uk, etc.

CONTAINS LINK

Matches all documents mentioning a certain domain, or any subdomain.

Note: Do NOT include https:// or http:// in the link

containsLink:"nytimes.com”

Returns all articles linking to and/or mentioning New York Times links.

SPECIFIC URL

Matches documents from a specific URL.

URL:"https://www.elitedaily.com/p/25-sailing-quotes-f
or-instagram-thatll-get-y
ou-likes-while-you-cruise
-into-the-sunset-185477
07
"

Returns documents from
the URL
"https://www.elitedaily.com/p/25-sailing-quotes-f
or-instagram-thatll-get-y
ou-likes-while-you-cruise
-into-the-sunset-185477
07
"

AUTHOR

Matches documents by a
specific author or
username.

author:"Yachting World"

Returns documents from
“Yachting World”.

DATA SOURCE

Matches documents from a specific data source. Source must be lowercase. See appendix for full list.

infoType:"news" AND sailing

Returns News documents with the term "sailing".

RSS

Matches documents from an RSS feed you've added to your account. To find an RSS ID, open up the RSS feed in Inbox. Copy the ID from the browser URL.

sourceId:"rss:c087e17836068602ecc7189db9c5fc"

Returns documents from this specific RSS feed.

SOURCE NAME

Find all documents from a particular source.

sourceName:"Washington Post"

Returns documents from the source named Washington Post

PRODUCT

REVIEWS

Matches reviews for a specific product or brand.

productReview:“Holiday Inn”

Returns documents from review pages that are for the Holiday Inn, e.g.:

  • Holiday Inn Express & Suites El Paso Airport Area page on TripAdvisor

  • Holiday Inn Express Nashville-Opryland on Booking.com


Proximity Operators

Search

Action

Example

Result

NEAR

Retrieve results for two words in close proximity with each other.

sailboat NEAR racing

Any document where the “sailboat” and “racing” are within 4 words of each other.

NEAR/N

Retrieve results within a specific distance of one another. The number used determines the distance.

sailboat NEAR/10 racing

Any document where the keywords “sailboat” and “racing” are within 10 words of each other.

ONEAR

Use this when you’d like a document to have two words in close proximity to one another and in the same order.

sailboat ONEAR racing

Any document where “sailboat” is followed by “racing” within 4 words.

ONEAR/N

Use this when keywords need to be within a specific distance of one another and in the same order

sailboat ONEAR/10 racing

Any document where “sailboat” is followed by “racing” within 10 words.

WORD FREQUENCY

Use this when you need a keyword to occur a number of times.

Sailboat {5} OR race {4,10} OR ocean {3, } OR cup {,2}

  • “Sailboat” occurs exactly 5 times

  • “Race” occurs at least 4 and at most 10 times

  • “Ocean” occurs at least 3 times

  • “Cup” occurs at most 2 times

INGRESS

Matches documents containing the specified keyword/phrase in the first paragraph

Ingress:"yacht race"

Any document that contains “yacht race” in the first paragraph.


Social Media Operators

Search

Action

Example

Result

HASHTAG

Matches documents that contain a hashtag.

hashtag:"sailing"

Returns documents that contain #sailing.

EMOJI

Matches documents that contain an emoji in title, content and ingress.

emojis:😉

Returns documents that contain the 😉 emoji.

TWITTER HANDLE

Matches documents where a Twitter handle was mentioned.

@sailmagazine

Returns Twitter documents that mention @sailmagazine.

TWEET ID

Matches the ID of tweets stored within Meltwater. No quotation marks around tweet id.

tweetId:1271689604677025792


Returns the Tweet with the matching ID 1271689604677025792

("No quotation marks around tweet ID.")

TWITTER THREAD

Matches replies, retweets, and quoted tweets from a specific tweet. Add in the tweet ID to return this data.

twitterThread:437331053657980928

Returns content from the
thread of the tweet ID
437331053657980928.

("No quotation marks around tweet ID.")

FACEBOOK PAGE

Matches documents from a specific Facebook page using the page’s ID and asterisks. Use this site to find a page's ID.

site:"www.facebook.com/73471073870"

Returns documents from the Facebook page “Sailing World”.

TO

Matches documents with social media handles/usernames that were mentioned. This operator must be used in lowercase.

to:"americascup"

Any document mentioning the handle/username “AmericasCup”.

FROM

Matches documents that were posted by social media handles/usernames. This operator is case sensitive.

from:"worldsailing"

Any document that is published from the handle/username “worldsailing”

HANDLE

Matches documents that were posted by social media handles/usernames.

handle:"worldsailing"

Any document that is published from the handle/username “worldSailing”

MENTION

Matches documents with social media handles/usernames that were mentioned in the document.

mention:"yachtracinglife"

Any document mentioning the handle/username “YachtRacingLife”.

VERIFIED TWITTER HANDLES

Matches documents from authors with a verified Twitter handle.

verified:true

Returns Twitter documents from verified handles.

UNVERIFIED TWITTER HANDLES

Matches documents from authors with an unverified Twitter handle.

verified:false

Returns Twitter documents from unverified handles.

HUMAN TWITTER AUTHOR

Matches documents from authors that are human (not brand/company handles).

metaData.mainAuthor.human:true

Returns Twitter documents from human authors.

NON-HUMAN TWITTER AUTHOR

Matches documents from authors that are brand/company handles (non-humans).

metaData.mainAuthor.human:false

Returns Twitter documents from non-human authors (brands/companies).

ORIGINAL POST/TWEET

Matches documents that are original posts on Twitter, Reddit, and Instagram.

postType: og

Returns documents from Twitter, Reddit, and Instagram that are original posts.

REPLY TO POST/TWEET

Matches documents that reply on Twitter, and Reddit.

postType:re

Returns documents from Twitter and Reddit that are replies.

QUOTED TWEET

Matches documents that are quoted tweets on Twitter.

postType:qt

Returns documents from Twitter that are quoted tweets.

RETWEET

Matches documents that are retweets on Twitter.

postType:rp

Returns documents from Twitter that are retweets.

FACEBOOK COMMENTS

Matches documents that are comments on a Facebook page. (The comment operator is applicable to other sources. To see Facebook only, filter by Facebook).

author:Comment AND author:"Sailing World" (and Facebook source filter applied).

Returns comments on the Facebook page, "Sailing World".

Note: the Facebook page URL operator does not work in combination with the comment operator as comments do not contain the Facebook page ID.

FACEBOOK COMMENTS FOR A SPECIFIC POST

Matches documents that are comments on a Facebook post. To find the information you need:

1. Click on the specific post that you want to monitor

(e.g. https://www.facebook.com/346937065399354/posts/3700677913358569)

2. Replace /posts/ with an underscore:

(e.g. https://www.facebook.com/346937065399354_3700677913358569)

3. Remove the 's' in https: (e.g. http://www.facebook.com/346937065399354_3700677913358569)

metaData.inReplyTo.url:“http://www.facebook.com/346937065399354_3700677913358569

Returns comments from that specific Facebook post.

FACEBOOK VISITOR POSTS

Matches documents on a Facebook page that come from a visitor.

author:"visitor post" AND sailing

Returns posts on Facebook pages from visitors that mention "sailing".

AUTHORITY

Matches documents that have an authority score for the author that is equal, greater, or smaller than provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

authority >= 5

Returns documents from sources with an authority score of 5.

TWITTER BIO

Matches Twitter documents that have a specified term in the author’s bio information.

bio:"yacht enthusiast"

Matches documents from authors that have “yacht enthusiast” in their bio information.

TWITTER FOLLOWERS

Matches Twitter documents from handles that have a number of followers greater, less than, or equal to the value provided. Uses >, >+, <, (<=).
Note use colon (:) for exact number of followers, not equal sign.

followers: 100000

Matches documents from Twitter handles with exactly 100,000 followers

FACEBOOK LIKES

Matches Facebook documents from pages that have a number of followers greater, less than, or equal to the value provided. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.fb_likes>2000

Matches documents from Facebook pages that have over 2,000 likes. Can use >, >+, <, <=.

SUBREDDIT

Matches Reddit documents from a specific Subreddit.

SourceName: /r/Boating

Returns Reddit documents from the Subreddit “r/Boating”.

REDDIT, FORUM or FACEBOOK THREAD BY TITLE

Matches Reddit, Forum or Facebook documents under threads with matching title.

ThreadTitle: "Perfect evening for a little Spanish mackerel fishing"

Returns Reddit, forums and facebook documents from the thread "Perfect evening for a little Spanish mackerel fishing".

REDDIT, FORUM or FACEBOOK THREAD BY URL

Matches Reddit, Forum or Facebook documents from a specific URL.

ThreadUrl:

"https://www.reddit.com/

r/boating/comments/cmkchi/aww/"

Returns Reddit, forums and Facebook documents from the thread URL "https://www.reddit.com/r/boating/

comments/cmkchi/aww/"

YOUTUBE CHANNEL

Matches Youtube documents from a specific Youtube channel. This operator uses the channel ID, not the channel username. To find a channel's ID, open up a video on the channel and click on the channel name underneath the video. This will bring you to the channel's home page, but instead of the URL displaying the username it will display the ID. Or, generate the channel ID using this site.

channelid:"UCF45qzioJ_0FVdZVG2NJTWg"

Returns Youtube documents from the channel ID UCF45qzioJ_0FVdZVG2NJTWg.

YOUTUBE VIDEO

Matches Youtube documents from a specific Youtube video.

replyUrl:”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyzHVjzRUV4

Returns YouTube video comments for the video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyzHVjzRUV4

CLIENT

Matches documents that have used a recognized device to publish a social media post (same as postSource).

client:"Twitter for Android"

Returns Twitter documents that were published using the Android Twitter app.

POSTSOURCE

Matches documents that have used a recognized device to publish a social media post (same as client).

postSource: "Twitter for Android"

Returns Twitter documents that were published using the Android Twitter app.

SHARES

Matches news documents and Tweets when the number of Facebook shares or Twitter retweets is equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

sailing AND shares > 5000

Returns news documents and Tweets with the term "sailing" that have over 5,000 Facebook shares or Twitter retweets.

FACEBOOK SHARES

Matches news documents when number of Facebook shares is equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.fb_shares>200

Returns news documents with the term "sailing" that have over 200 Facebook shares.

TWITTER SHARES

Matches news documents when number of Twitter retweets is equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.tw_shares>200

Returns news documents with the term "sailing" that have over 200 Twitter retweets.

POSTS WITH IMAGES

Matches Twitter, Reddit, blogs, and comment documents that include an image.

attachmentType:image

Matches Twitter, Reddit, blogs, and comment documents that include an image.

POSTS WITH VIDEO

Matches Twitter, Reddit, blogs, and comment that include a video.

attachmentType:video

Matches Twitter, Reddit, blogs, and comment that include a video.

LIKES

Matches Tweets and Facebook posts when the number of likes on the posts is equal, greater, or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

sailing AND likes > 5000

Returns Tweets and Facebooks posts with the term "sailing" which have over 5,000 likes.

SOCIAL CHANNEL

Matches documents from a specific social channel: Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Reddit. Must be lower case.

Use instead of source filters if search terms vary per source and user wants multiple sources returned in results.

(socialType:" twitter" AND to:sailingworldmag) OR (socialType:"facebook" AND author:"Sailing World" AND author:Comment)


Matches tweets that are to @SailingWorldMag and Facebook comments on the Facebook page “Sailing World”.

WEIBO/WECHAT

Use instead of source filters for identifying these two sources as RSS feeds within Explore

(SourceName:"Weibo" OR SourceName:"Wechat")

Matches results within explore from these sources specifically provided via RSS feeds.

BROADCAST TYPE

Returns broadcast results a specified type: radio/audio or tv/video (see appendix).

broadcastType:”au”

Includes only Radio/audio content from broadcast.

PRIVATE CONTENT

Includes privately collected data (Owned social connections, social monitored connections, Dow Jones, etc.) in results.

Value is true or false.

private:true

Includes privately collected content, including from social channels connected under Owned Connections (FB, IG, and TW included), social monitored connects, and more.

ENGAGE CONTENT FROM A SPECIFIC PAGE OR HANDLE

Locate Engage owned data in Explore or Search

pageId:"17841446611975651"

Isolates content from specific Facebook or Instagram pages.

For FB: simply use the tools you already know to find a FB ID e.g.https://lookup-id.com/

For IG:

1) Visit the handle in your browser

2) Add ?__a=1 to the end of the URL, e.g.https://www.instagram.com/nordicsocialbeachclub/?__a=1

3) On about row 3 you will see a FB ID —> this is the ID you need, not the profile page

DM’s

Isolate DM’s for Engage

postType:"dm"

Isolate/remove DMs from Engage content in Explore

AD ACCOUNT

Matches Instagram & Facebook ad documents from Meltwater Engage using your ad ID

adAccountId:"act_358816525849351"

Returns all ad posts and comments associated with a particular ad account. A single ad account can have ads on multiple Facebook and Instagram accounts. There is the potential for ads associated with a FB/IG page that has NOT been connected on social connections page will be returned by this boolean. In those instances, the identifying information about the commenter will be hidden.

Your ad account will show up on the Social Connections > Paid tab once the facebook/Instagram account is connected.

CAMPAIGN

Matches Instagram & Facebook campaign documents from Meltwater Engage using your ad ID

campaignId: "111111111"

Returns all ad posts and comments associated with a particular ad campaign. A single campaign can have multiple ad accounts and ads on multiple Facebook and Instagram accounts. There is the potential for ads associated with a FB/IG page that has NOT been connected on social connections page will be returned by this boolean. In those instances, the identifying information about the commenter will be hidden.

Your ad account will show up on the Social Connections > Paid tab once the facebook/Instagram account is connected.

FACEBOOK POSTS WITH COMMENTS

Returns Facebook posts with comments equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.fb_post_comments>20

Returns Facebook posts that mention sailing and have more than 20 comments

FACEBOOK POSTS WITH REACTIONS

Returns Facebook posts with reactions equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.fb_post_reactions>20

Returns Facebook posts that mention sailing and have more than 20 reactions

FACEBOOK POSTS WITH SHARES

Returns Facebook posts with shares equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.fb_post_shares>20

Returns Facebook posts that mention sailing and have more than 20 shares

TWEETS WITH LIKES

Returns Twitter tweets with likes equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.tw_likes>20

Returns tweets that mention sailing and have more than 20 likes

TWEETS WITH REPLIES

Returns Twitter tweets with replies equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.tw_replies>20

Returns tweets that mention sailing and have more than 20 replies

TWEETS WITH RETWEETS

Returns Twitter tweets with retweets equal, greater or smaller than the provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

Sailing AND enrichments.socialScores.tw_retweets>20

Returns tweets that mention sailing and have more than 20 retweets

SOCIAL CONNECTIONS

Returns privately collected content, including from social channels connected under Owned Connections (FB, IG, and TW included), social monitored connects, and more.

metaData.provider.type:"socialconnections"

Returns from a specific private social connection within your account.


Complex Operators

Search

Action

Example

Result

NEWS REACH

Matches news documents with a number of unique visitors that are equal, greater, or smaller than provided value. Uses inequality operators (see appendix).

sailing AND reach>=10000

Any document that contains the word “sailing” and that has reach greater than or equal to 10,000.

PRODUCT REVIEW RATING

Matches Product Review
documents with a specific
rating. Reviews are normalized on a percentage scale from
0-100. For example, 80 would represent 80% positive or 4/5 stars.

ratings>80 AND sailboat

Returns Product Review
documents that mention
“sailboat” and have a review
higher than 80%.

TAG

Matches documents that have been assigned a specific Meltwater tag. Tag name is case sensitive.

tag:Event

Returns documents that have
been assigned the tag named
"Event".

CATEGORY

Classifies a document according to a taxonomy of topics (e.g. business, sports, etc.) that belong to the source. Category searching can be used to increase the relevance of search results and only return documents that fall into the specified category.

Category:"Sports"

Any document from a source whose topic is classified as “Sports”.

CONCEPT

Classifies documents into “concepts” based off key phrases and themes in Wikipedia.

Meltwater has analyzed Wikipedia pages using a proprietary algorithm that finds unique keywords, phrases, and themes. These are then attributed to the Wiki page’s topic and the topic becomes a “concept”.

Any document in Meltwater that contains those unique keywords, phrases, and themes will be categorized as that concept.

Use this to help refine searches by concept (topic) instead of by keyword. This is helpful when your keywords aren’t unique to a specific topic, but you want to return results from a specific topic without limiting your scope with exact qualifying keywords.

concept:Sailing

The “Sailing” article in Wikipedia is about the physical act of sailing (e.g. wind velocity, tacking, sail structure, etc.). This example would return documents that also mention those key themes as it relates to sailboats.

It would not return returns about yachting races or events unless sailing themes were a key part of the article. For that, we would want to use the concept “Yachting” and documents returned would reflect the key themes in the “Yachting” Wikipedia page.

PREFERENCE

Boost or reduce the score of a word, phrase or sub-expression and decide what is more likely to appear in the hit sentence. The default score is 1, so greater numbers can be used to boost the score, while decimal numbers between 0 and 1 can be used to reduce the score.

You must use the ^ in conjunction with numbers (ideally, multiples of 10). Depending on the number given to a keyword, the precedence will be given there. So the higher the number, the more the search is catered to that particular keyword.

Race AND (yacht ^2 or sailing ^0.5 )

Any document that contains the word “race” and either “yacht” or “sailing”. This does not affect the number of results, but affects what keywords are highlighted in the hit sentence of the results.

An example of when to use: for email reports when you want a specific keyword from your Boolean to show in the hit sentence.

QUESTION MARK

Use this when you are

looking for one or more different keywords in a document.

"sen ?"

Any document that contains keywords such as “sent” or “send”.

BACKSLASH

Use this to ignore the Boolean function of asterisks and quotes. The backslash must be placed before the asterisk or quotation.

E\*trade

"There was more name-calling than at a \"real housewives\" reunion"

First search returns all results for "E*trade" instead of "EndWildlifeTrade" or "EUTrade".

Second search returns results with specific keywords. Without the backslash, the query would read, "there was more name-calling than at a" OR "real housewives" OR "reunion".

XNOT

Use this when you want to ignore a keyword in special combination with other words or phrases.

bill XNOT "bill gates"

Any document where “bill” is present unless it only contains “bill gates”.
E.g. a document with content “Bill Murray met Bill Gates” is returned but not one with “Bill Gates makes billions”.

AUSTRALIAN "NOT AVAILABLE" CONTENT

Use this in conjunction with the NOT operator when you want to exclude Australian that is not available.

NOT SourceName:“Licensed by Copyright Agency”

Does not return documents from Australian content that is not available.

TOPIC

Classifies a document according to a taxonomy of topics (e.g. business, sports, etc.) that match the content of the document. Topic searching can be used to increase the relevance of search results and only return documents that fall into the specified topic.

topic: "computer_and_video_games" or topic: "air_travel"

Matches documents that have content related to computer and video games or content related to air travel

CURRENCY

Use currency symbols in the search engine such as: ƒ, ℳ, 元, 円, 圆, 圓, ḯ, ₺, , ₼, ₽, ₾,₿.

Searching for the bitcoin symbol, ₿, will produce results referencing bitcoin.


Entity Operators

Search

Action

Example

Result

CONTAINMENT BOOLEAN

Use this boolean to contain the queries below. They will not operate correctly if not contained within this Entities string.

Must include brackets!

enrichments.namedEntities[query]

CANONICAL NAME

Canonical name of entity as disambiguated against an external ontology.

A Canonical Name is the actual/proper name of something, rather than an alias, nickname, or abbreviation.

canonicalName:”Smithfield Foods”

Ex. enrichments.namedEntities[canonicalName:”Smithfield Foods”]

Any document that contains the canonical name Smithfield Foods, as it relates to the entity Smithfield Foods as an organization.

NAME

Name of entity as written in the document.

name:”Smithfield”

Ex. enrichments.namedEntities[name:”Smithfield”]

Any document that contains the name Smithfield, as it relates to the entity Smithfield as an organization.

TYPE

The type of an entity. Use in conjunction with the operators above to further optimize your results.

name:”Smithfield”AND type:”organization”

Ex, enrichments.namedEntities[name:”Smithfield”AND type:”organization”]

Matches any document talking about Smithfield the organization.


Visual Analytics Operators

For a full list of supported brand logos, celebrities, objects, and scenes, reach out to your account manager.

Search

Action

Example

Result

imageText

applies Optical Character Recognition on images enabling you to match text inside an image. Note: text must be specified all lowercase

imageText: stop

(any word is supported)

Matches documents where the word stop appears inside the image, e.g., on a stop sign.

imageEntity

search for known entities in images, e.g., logos or celebrities

(see below for full list of supported logos and celebrities)

imageEntity: "Elon Musk"

imageEntity: BMW

matches articles/posts with photos of Elon Musk

matches articles/post with BMW logos in the image

imageAgeGroup

applies age detection on images of the article or post

supported values are

children (<13 yrs old), teenagers (13-22 yrs old), young_adults (22-31 yrs old), adults (31-61 yrs old), and seniors (>61 yrs old)

imageAgeGroup: seniors

articles/posts with an image depicting people estimated to be over 60 years old

imageGender

applies gender detection on images inside the article or post

supported values are m (male), f (female), or u (unknown)

imageGender: f

articles/posts where a female person appears in the image

imagePeopleDensity

counts the detected faces in the image to estimate the number of people in it

supported values are: solo (1 person), duo (2 persons), group (3-10 persons), crowd (11+ persons)

imagePeopleDensity: duo

articles/posts containing an image depicting two people

imageEmotion

applies emotion recognition on images of an article/post

supported values are: a (anger), j (joy), or u (unknown)

imageEmotion: a

articles/posts containing an image where at least one face shows anger

imageMeme

applies the memes detection model to classify images as likely memes

supported value are true / false

imageMeme: true

articles / posts containing an image that looks like a meme

imageObject

applies object recognition on the images inside articles/posts

imageObject: dog

articles / posts with images depicting a dog

imageScene

applies scene recognition on the images inside articles/posts

imageScene: beach

articles / posts with images depicting a beach scene / situation

imageContent

a convenience alias that will search on OCR, objects, and scenes

imageContent: baseball

articles/posts with an image depicting a baseball or a baseball match scene or the word baseball appears in the image, e.g., on a t-shirt or billboard

nsfw

a convenience alias combining NLP and image recognition models for explicit content detection

supported value are true / false

nsfw: false

articles/posts where the content has been deemed safe on both text and images

spam

a convenience alias combining nsfw and promotional to remove/include potential spam content

supported value are true / false

spam: false

articles/posts that are both safe for work and do not appear to be promotional content, e.g., sales, discounts, coupons


Crisis Management Boolean Operators

When building a crisis and risk management search it will vary depending on your definition of a crisis. Your boolean will vary depending on what you are looking for and the industry you are in. We have put together some of the most used crisis management boolean examples below.

Due to the nature of crises, risks, and negative issues, some keywords, may include sensitive issues, derogatory terms, or swear words. This is an unfortunate reality of monitoring for risks and crises, particularly if you’re monitoring social media channels.

Crisis Example

Boolean Query

Anger

(hate OR hated OR hateful OR anger OR angry OR disgust OR disgusted OR disgusting OR emojis:😠 OR emojis:😡 OR emojis:🖕 OR emojis:😷) NOT ("don't hate" OR "not angry")

Boycotts

boycott OR boycotts OR boycotted OR boycotting

Conspiracies

conspiracy OR conspiracies OR conspire OR conspired

Corruption

corrupt OR corrupted OR corruptions

Customer Complaints

"can someone get back to me" OR "please reply" OR "please call me" OR "never answered" OR "need help" OR "awful service" OR "waited forever" OR "the worst" OR "can't get in touch" OR "charged me" OR "refund" OR "where do i" OR "who can i" OR "what is the number" OR "customer service" OR "so bad" OR "help me" OR "brand rep" OR "on hold"

Cyber Attack

hack OR hacking OR hacker OR hackers OR hacked OR malicious OR malware OR virus OR viruses OR “cyber attack” OR cyberattack OR “cyber attacks” OR cyberattacks OR “cyber attacker” OR cyberattacker OR “cyber attackers” OR cyberattackers OR “cyber attacks” OR cyberattacks OR “cyber attacking” OR cyberattacking OR “cyber attacked” OR cyberattacked OR “cyber army” OR cyberarmy OR “cyber security” OR “cyber securities” OR cybersecurity OR cybersecurities OR “cyber command” OR cybercommand OR “cyber threat” OR cyberthreat OR “cyber threats” OR cyberthreats OR spyware OR spywares OR cyberwarfare OR “cyber warfare” OR “cyber terrorism” OR cyberterrorism OR “cyber terror” OR cyberterror OR “cyber terrors” OR cyberterrors OR “cyber campaign” OR stuxnet OR cyberterrorist OR “cyber terrorist” OR cyberterrorists OR “cyber terrorists” OR worms OR “Trojan horse” OR Trojanhorse OR “Trojan horses” OR Trojanhorses OR phreaking OR scammers OR scamming OR scam OR phishing OR phished OR spammer OR rootkit OR “brute forcing” OR bruteforcing

Cyber Breach

"data breach" OR databreach OR "cyber breach" OR cyberbreach OR "data leak" OR "data leaks" OR dataleak OR dataleaks OR "data hack"

Cyber Security

"cyber attack" OR cyberattack OR "cyber attacks" OR cyberattacks OR "cyber attacker" OR cyberattacker OR "cyber attackers" OR cyberattackers OR "cyber attacking" OR cyberattacking OR "cyber attacked" OR cyberattacked OR "cyber army" OR cyberarmy OR "cyber security" OR "cyber securities" OR cybersecurity OR cybersecurities OR cyberwarfare OR "cyber warfare" OR "cyber terrorism" OR cyberterrorism OR "cyber terror" OR cyberterror OR "cyber terrors" OR cyberterrors OR cyberterrorist OR "cyber terrorist" OR cyberterrorists OR "cyber terrorists"

DE&I

diversity OR diverse OR equality OR equalities OR "equal rights" OR equalrights OR "equal right" OR equalright OR “equal pay” OR equalpay OR "equal salary" OR equalsalary OR "equal salaries" OR equalsalaries OR "gender equality" OR genderequality OR "gender bias" OR genderbias OR "race bias" OR "racial bias" OR inclusion OR inclusions OR inclusive OR inclusivity OR "de&i"

Discrimination

discrimination OR discriminate OR discriminated OR discriminating

Diversity

diversity OR equality OR equalities OR "equal rights" OR equalrights OR "equal right" OR equalright OR “equal pay” OR equalpay OR "equal salary" OR equalsalary OR "equal salaries" OR equalsalaries OR "gender equality" OR genderequality OR "gender bias" OR genderbias OR "de&i" OR "age bias" OR ageism OR ageist OR "race bias" OR "racial bias"

Fear

(afraid OR terrifying OR nervous OR stressed OR anxiety OR anxious OR scary OR emojis:😧 OR emojis:😨 OR emojis:😰) NOT ("not nervous" OR "not stressed" OR "not be anxious" OR "not scary" OR "not afraid" OR "not be afraid")

Harassment

harassment OR workplaceharassment OR sexualharassment OR assault OR sexualassalt OR derogatory OR "racial slur" OR racialslur OR "racial slurs" OR racialslurs OR "ethnic slur" OR ethnicslur OR "ethnic slurs" OR ethnicslurs OR racist OR racists OR racism OR "micro aggression" OR "microaggression" OR "micro aggressions" OR "microaggressions" OR homophobic OR homophobics OR homophobes OR homophobe OR homophobia OR transphobic OR transphobics OR transphobe OR transphobes OR transphobia

Intent Threats

(threat OR threaten OR threatened OR threatening OR threats OR vandalize OR vandalizes OR vandalized OR vandalizing OR "shooting spree" OR "shooting sprees" OR "bomb threat" OR "bomb threats" OR "going to kill" OR "going to shoot" OR "going to stab" OR "going to destroy" OR "going to murder" OR "going to hurt" OR "want to shoot" OR "want to hurt" OR "want to kill" OR "want to stab" OR "want to destroy" OR "want to murder" OR "blow up" OR kidnap OR kidnapping OR weapon OR weapons OR attacked OR attacking OR attacker OR "burn down" OR burndown OR bombing OR bombed OR bomb OR riots OR riot OR "suspicious package" OR "suspicious device" OR assassinate) NEAR/6 ("going to" OR gonna OR planning OR "planning to" OR plotting OR "plotting to")

Lawsuits

lawsuit OR lawsuits OR "legal proceeding" OR legalproceeding OR "legal proceedings" OR legalproceedings OR sueing OR sued

Misinformation

misinformation OR "mis information"

Protests

protest OR protests OR protesting OR protestor OR protestors OR protester OR protesters OR protested

Regulatory Sanctions

"regulatory sanction" OR regulatorysanction OR "regulatory sanctions" OR regulatorysanctions

Threats

threat OR threaten OR threatened OR threatening OR threats OR vandalize OR vandalizes OR vandalized OR vandalizing OR "shooting spree" OR "shooting sprees" OR "bomb threat" OR "bomb threats" OR "going to kill" OR "going to shoot" OR "going to stab" OR "going to destroy" OR "going to murder" OR "going to hurt" OR "want to shoot" OR "want to hurt" OR "want to kill" OR "want to stab" OR "want to destroy" OR "want to murder" OR "blow up" OR kidnap OR kidnapping OR weapon OR weapons OR attacked OR attacking OR attacker OR "burn down" OR burndown OR bombing OR bombed OR bomb OR riots OR riot OR "suspicious package" OR "suspicious device"


Appendix

INEQUALITY OPERATOR

DATA SOURCE/SOCIAL CHANNEL OPERATORS

  • infoType:“news”

  • infoType:“social”

  • infoType:“broadcast”

  • socialType:“twitter”

  • socialType:“facebook”

  • socialType:“instagram”

  • socialType:“reddit”

  • socialType:“youtube”

  • socialType:“social_comments”

  • socialType:“social_reviews”

  • socialType:“social_message_boards”

  • socialType:“social_blogs”

  • SourceName:"publication name"

  • broadcastType:"au" (Radio/audio content from broadcast)

  • broadcastType:"vi" (TV/video content from broadcast)

SENTIMENT OPERATOR

Positive

sentiment:"positive"

Negative

sentiment:"negative"

Neutral

sentiment:"neutral"

Not Rated

sentiment:"u"

CONCEPT OPERATOR

Because the core dependency of the concept search is Wikipedia, it only works with concepts for which Wikipedia pages exist, and only for those languages for which Wikipedia pages exist.

CATEGORY OPERATOR

Category names are in English. The category list below is ordered based on the frequency of occurrence with the most common at the top.

1. Business

2. Science

3. Sports

4. Government

5. Finance

6. Health & Medicine

7. Food & Beverage

8. Entertainment

9. Politics

10. Technology

11. Energy

12. Manufacturing

13. Culture

14. Information Technology

15. Legal

16. Religion

17. Arts

18. Engineering

19. Hobbies & Leisure

20. Agriculture

21. Computers

22. Education

23. Electronics

24. Transportation

25. Building & Construction

26. Lifestyle

27. Economy

28. Trade

29. Social Media

30. E-commerce

31. Stock Market

32. Animals

33. Military

34. Telecommunications

35. Materials

36. Retail

37. Design

38. Careers

39. Crime

40. News & Media

41. Insurance

42. Automotive

43. Travel

44. Family

45. Music

46. House & Home

47. Personal

48. Consumer Goods & Services

49. Aviation

50. Real Estate

51. Nautical

52. Resources

53. Beauty

54. Pharmaceutical

55. Logistics

56. Fashion

57. Architecture & Design

58. Non Governmental Organizations

59. News & Current Affairs

60. Hospitality

61. Local

TOPICS

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

adult

arts_and_entertainment

celebrities_and_entertainment_news

comics_and_animation

anime_and_manga

comics

entertainment_industry

film_and_tv_industry

events_and_listings

bars_clubs_and_nightlife

concerts_and_music_festivals

humor_

funny_pictures_and_videos

movies

music_and_audio

dance_and_electronic_music

music_equipment_and_technology

music_streams_and_downloads

pop_music

radio

rock_music

urban_and_hip-hop

world_music

offbeat

online_media

online_image_galleries

performing_arts

acting_and_theater

dance

tv_and_video

online_video

tv_shows_and_programs

visual_art_and_design

architecture

design

painting

photographic_and_digital_arts

autos_and_vehicles

bicycles_and_accessories

boats_and_watercraft

motor_vehicles

hybrid_and_alternative_vehicles

motorcycles

trucks_and_suvs

vehicle_codes_and_driving_laws

vehicle_parts_and_services

vehicle_parts_and_accessories

vehicle_shopping

beauty_and_fitness

body_art

cosmetic_procedures

cosmetic_surgery

face_and_body_care

make-up_and_cosmetics

perfumes_and_fragrances

skin_and_nail_care

fashion_and_style_

fashion_designers_and_collections

fitness

hair_care

spas_and_beauty_services

weight_loss

books_and_literature

children's_literature

poetry

writers_resources

business_and_industrial

aerospace_and_defense

space_technology

agriculture_and_forestry

automotive_industry

business_finance

business_operations

business_services

office_supplies

chemicals_industry

construction_and_maintenance_

building_materials_and_supplies

energy_and_utilities_

oil_and_gas

renewable_and_alternative_energy

hospitality_industry_food_service

industrial_materials_and_equipment

metals_and_mining

pharmaceuticals_and_biotech

printing_and_publishing

small_business_

mlm_and_business_opportunities

textiles_and_nonwovens

transportation_and_logistics

rail_transport

computers_and_electronics

cad_and_cam

computer_hardware

computer_components

computer_drives_and_storage

computer_peripherals

laptops_and_notebooks

computer_security

consumer_electronics

audio_equipment

camera_and_photo_equipment

drones_and_rc_aircraft

game_systems_and_consoles

tv_and_video_equipment

electronics_and_electrical

enterprise_technology

networking

programming

software

business_and_productivity_software

multimedia_software

operating_systems

finance

accounting_and_auditing_

tax_preparation_and_planning

banking

credit_and_lending

loans

financial_planning_and_management

insurance

health_insurance

investing

currencies_and_foreign_exchange

stocks_and_bonds

food_and_drink

beverages

alcoholic_beverages

coffee_and_tea

cooking_and_recipes

desserts

food

baked_goods

breakfast_foods

candy_and_sweets

meat_and_seafood

snack_foods

food_and_grocery_retailers

restaurants

fast_food

pizzerias

games

board_games

card_games

poker_and_casino_games

computer_and_video_games

shooter_games

strategy_games

gambling

lottery

online_games

massively_multiplayer_games

roleplaying_games

health

aging_and_geriatrics

health_conditions

cancer

diabetes

endocrine_conditions

heart_and_hypertension

infectious_diseases

neurological_conditions

pain_management

skin_conditions

health_education_and_medical_training

medical_facilities_and_services

hospitals_and_treatment_centers

medical_procedures

men's_health

mental_health

anxiety_and_stress

depression

nursing

assisted_living_and_long_term_care

nutrition

special_and_restricted_diets

vitamins_and_supplements

oral_and_dental_care

pharmacy

drugs_and_medications

public_health

reproductive_health

substance_abuse

smoking_and_smoking_cessation

vision_care

women's_health

hobbies_and_leisure

crafts

fiber_and_textile_arts

merit_prizes_and_contests

outdoors

fishing

hiking_and_camping

radio_control_and_modeling

special_occasions

holidays_and_seasonal_events

weddings

water_activities

boating

surf_and_swim

home_and_garden

bed_and_bath

gardening_and_landscaping

hvac_and_climate_control

home_and_interior_decor

home_appliances

home_furnishings

lamps_and_lighting

living_room_furniture

home_improvement

home_storage_and_shelving

kitchen_and_dining

cookware_and_diningware

pest_control

internet_and_telecom

email_and_messaging

mobile_and_wireless

mobile_and_wireless_accessories

mobile_apps_and_add-ons

mobile_phones

service_providers

web_services

web_design_and_development

jobs_and_education

education

colleges_and_universities

primary_and_secondary_schooling

standardized_and_admissions_tests

jobs

job_listings

law_and_government

government

visa_and_immigration

legal

legal_services

military

public_safety

crime_and_justice

emergency_services

law_enforcement

social_services

news

business_news

company_news

financial_markets_news

politics

sports_news

weather

online_communities

blogging_resources_and_services

dating_and_personals

online_goodies

skins_themes_and_wallpapers

photo_and_video_sharing

photo_and_image_sharing

social_networks

virtual_worlds

people_and_society

family_and_relationships

family

marriage

kids_and_teens

children's_interests

religion_and_belief

seniors_and_retirement

social_issues_and_advocacy

charity_and_philanthropy

green_living_and_environmental_issues

work_and_labor_issues

social_sciences_political_science

pets_and_animals

animal_products_and_services

pet_food_and_supplies

pets

cats

dogs

horses

wildlife

real_estate

real_estate_listings

residential_rentals

residential_sales

real_estate_services

reference

general_reference

biographies_and_quotations

geographic_reference

maps

humanities

history

language_resources

libraries_and_museums

museums

science

astronomy

biological_sciences

computer_science

earth_sciences

atmospheric_science

geology

geology

ecology_and_environment

climate_change_and_global_warming

engineering_and_technology

sensitive_subjects

shopping

antiques_and_collectibles

apparel

athletic_apparel

casual_apparel

children's_clothing

clothing_accessories

costumes

eyewear

footwear

formal_wear

headwear

men's_clothing

undergarments

women's_clothing

consumer_resources

consumer_advocacy_and_protection

coupons_and_discount

offers

gifts_and_special_event_items

cards_and_greetings

flowers

gifts

luxury_goods

mass_merchants_and_department_stores

photo_and_video_services

tobacco_products

toys

sports

animal_sports

college_sports

combat_sports

boxing

martial_arts

wrestling

extreme_sports

individual_sports

cycling

golf

racquet_sports

international_sports_competitions

motor_sports

sporting_goods

team_sports

american_football

baseball

basketball

cricket

hockey

rugby

soccer

water_sports

winter_sports

skiing_and_snowboarding

travel

air_travel

bus_and_rail

cruises_and_charters

hotels_and_accommodations

tourist_destinations

beaches_and_islands

mountain_and_ski_resorts

regional_parks_and_gardens

theme_parks

zoos-aquariums-preserves


💡 Tip

Need more help? Feel free to reach out to us via Live Chat or check out our Customer Community.

Find answers and get help from Meltwater Support and Community Experts.


Did this answer your question?